Journal of Research and Multidisciplinary <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/sampuljournalnew_copy1.jpg"></p> <p>Journal of Research and Multidisciplinary (jrm), an international journal published by&nbsp;Lembaga&nbsp;Sembilan&nbsp;Tiga&nbsp;Community, is a journal that covers the study of research results and studies from various disciplines. This journal will be a publication for scholars to enrich studies published in&nbsp;journals. Jrm&nbsp;presents quality scientific articles with attention to the format, style, and&nbsp;academic quality. Articles in this publication can be written in&nbsp;English. Journal of Research and Multidisciplinary, published twice a year in the&nbsp;online and print version. This journal&nbsp;serves as a learning medium for research development and studies from various disciplines. This media will be a means of exchanging research findings and scientific study ideas.&nbsp;Jrm his a single-blind, peer-reviewed, open access journal.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lembaga Sembilan Tiga Community en-US Journal of Research and Multidisciplinary 2622-9536 Religious Education and Personal Mentality; As A Practical Existence of Students <p>Religiosity and education are very important in the success of national education targets in Indonesia based on this matter, and religious education provides knowledge. It shapes the attitudes, personalities, and skills of students in practicing their spiritual teachings, which is carried out at least through subjects/lectures on all lines, levels, and types of education. At the same time, religiosity education also prepares students can play a role in mastery of this knowledge of religious teachings or becomes an expert in spiritual experience and practice to the teachings of his religion." Written in government regulation No. 55 of 2007, especially for Indonesian people who have faith and are devoted to God Almighty and have a good character, can maintain peace and harmony between religious and inter-religious relations. While religious education prepares students to become members of the community who understand and practice the values ​​of their spiritual teachings and become experts in religious knowledge.</p> Abdullah B ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 204 214 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.30 Leadership In The Kingdom Of Mandar <p>The socio-political leadership in the Kingdom of <em>Balanipa</em> strongly influenced by the history of its formation and relations with several significant kingdoms in South Sulawesi, also affected by the penetration of the colonizing nation into the land of Mandar. This study uses the concept of royal leadership with a historical approach, the time of colonization, and the inclusion of Islamic understanding in several kingdoms in South Sulawesi. By using several theories of historians, such as Ahmad Sewang, Muhammad Daud Amin, Edwar Polinggomang, and several studies of Ancient Manuscripts about the Balanipa Mandar and kingdom, such as <em>Lontar</em> to <em>Napo</em>, <em>Luaor</em> and <em>Balanar Mandar</em>. This research is a grounded research, namely in the form of historical research that seeks to recover data and historical sources both written in a number of books and classic texts such as the <em>Lontara</em> Mandar manuscript, and in speech, in the form of stories and testimonies by historical figures in the land of Mandar and know much about the history of the kingdom of <em>Balanipa</em>. The analysis shows that the discourse about the history of the kingdom in Mandar began from the formation of the kingdom of <em>Balanipa</em> in the mid-16th century, even though there was a large kingdom that was prominent before that was the Kingdom of Passokkorang (in <em>Mapilli, Polman</em>) and the Kingdom of <em>Baras</em> (in <em>Pasangkayu</em>, North <em>Mamuju</em>). The coronation of the king as the leader and appointment of the King in the kingdom of <em>Balanipa</em>, has strict requirements, one of which is to become a king, must bequeath a value of the principles of leadership that must prioritize the interests of the people, especially those relating to economic life, social, security and public order.</p> Nurkidam Nurkidam Ahmad M Sewang Musafir Pababbari Darussalam Syamsuddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 215 221 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.24 Genealogy Thinking and Characteristics of Islamic Theology Abdurrahman Wahid <p>This study seeks to explore the genealogy of Islamic theological thought and characteristics Abdurrahman Wahid Abdurrahman Wahid Islamic theological thought. The author uses a qualitative approach in this study. The research data used were sourced from library data. This study uses a content analysis technique (content analysis), which is a method of data analysis carried out systematically and objectively. The results of this study indicate that the life of Abdurrahman Wahid is so complex and full of intellectual wandering in his life, especially at the young age of the most wrestling in the pesantren world that makes Abdurrahman Wahid born as a figure of Islamic thinkers whose thoughts are recognized in Indonesia, even because of his flexible thinking and friendly. So Abdurrahman Wahid, in the end, is also widely known in the Western world. On the other hand, the Islamic model believed by Abdurrahman Wahid is applied in his daily life by accommodating all the interests of the community without discriminating against his background. Abdurrahman Wahid's thoughts, ranging from the ideas of pluralism, the concept of indigenization to neo-modernist patterns of Islamic thought that value pluralism and freedom of belief, need to be emphasized as one of the theological ideas in Indonesia. Thus, the thought of Abdurrahman Wahid's theology is no longer only at the level of God alone, but how the teachings of God incarnate in religious life for the sake of creating mutual tolerance and peace.</p> Muhajirin Muhiddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 222 232 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.34 The Challenge of Demand in Poor Community In Mariso District, Makassar City <p>This study aims to identify the challenges of da'wah faced in carrying out da'wah activities in poor communities in Mariso sub-district, Makassar city. These challenges are examined in the context of Da'wah communication by identifying research questions who are the coveted figures in Da'wah activities, what Da'wah messages are needed and what Da'wah methods are practical, desirable and easily accessible. This research approach uses a mixture of qualitative and quantitative research methods. Data collection was carried out through literature study, field observations, use of questionnaires, and in-depth interviews. Description and analysis of data using the Da'wah communication approach. The results of the research show that the majority of the poor people of the Mariso sub-district still crave the figure of Mr. Imam as a source or communicator in propaganda activities. This was followed by some hopes for community organizations and the government and a small portion only for individuals. Regarding the message of da'wah, the theme of worship is more desirable than the theme of good deeds, family, work, and hospitality. While the method of preaching the most preferred is the lecture method, then followed by the method of giving examples. Furthermore, some like TV media and only a small proportion are interested in internet media and social media.</p> Nur Setiawati Mappaselleng H Bisyri Abdul Karim ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 233 248 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.29 Social Media And Hoax In Political Communication <p>Since the United States of America presidential election in 2016, the spread and use of hoax on social media, in addition to hate speech, in modern politics to seek public support proven to be far more critical than the spread of real news in media. What needs to consider is social unrest between Muslim and civil society that may occur because of the range of hoax. Social media that should be a means to increase <em>ukhuwah</em> becomes a means to destroy the pluralistic social relations of a nation. Political communication, especially in Indonesia ahead of the presidential election in 2019, cannot be separated from the rampant of hoax reports from both sides of the presidential election candidates. This research is a qualitative descriptive study that aims to understand the perspective of the Quran and university students on the use of hoax on social media for political purposes</p> Afifuddin Harisah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 249 260 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.35 Management of Rice Field Through Water Arrangements to Improve Rice Production <p>Efforts to achieve an increase in rice field processing programs in increasing agricultural production. However, there are many various kinds of obstacles that we must face. Farmers say their land has been planted with rice so far but often fails to harvest because, in the dry season, it is often drought, and in the rainy season, it is often flooded. To meet the consumption needs of farm families is only enough for daily needs. The purpose of this study is to study the benefits of managing paddy fields by regulating irrigation to increase rice production. Data is taken from experience in Banjar, South Kalimantan. The results show that the use of irrigation is more appropriate for planting 2 to 3 times. It is expected that the printing of paddy fields in the irrigation can be carried out as quickly as possible and run well and smoothly without any obstacles. Thus farmers can enjoy the results with two harvests in a year. To be more supportive of various aspects, related parties can provide various kinds of training and direction so that paddy fields can increase their productivity. At present, far, the expected results.</p> Wahid Erawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 261 266 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.31 High-Performing and Low-Performing Schools in Makassar Indonesia <p>Although the Education Department of South Sulawesi Province reported that the performance of Secondary Schools in Makassar is at unsatisfactory level, but there were some schools achieved high performance level. The varying performance of the schools has prompted the researcher to conduct a multi-site case study to identify whether leadership styles of principals have any relationship with high-performing and low-performing schools in Makassar. In order to achieve the objective of this study, a qualitative approach, using multi-case study research design was utilized. Semi-structured interviews, observations, and document analysis were used to collect data. The sample consisted of two high performing and two low-performing secondary schools in the city of Makassar. Four school principals and 12 teachers of the schools were purposely chosen as respondents of the study. Data were analysed using theme analysis technique. This study found that principals in high-performing schools and low-performing schools were used the different styles of leadership. High-performing schools’ principals emphasized more on teaching and learning, controlling students’ discipline, ensuring teachers’ understanding of the school’s vision, and conducting staff developmental programs. This study has contributed to the development of knowledge in the field of high-performing schools in Indonesia. This study suggests that if a school wants to achieve high-performing level, principals must ensure that the teachers teach and students learn.</p> Hasmirati Hasmirati Ishak Sin Abdul Latif Kassim ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 267 283 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.32 Massempe ’Traditional Bugis Game: Islamic Education and Law Perspective <p>This study examines the traditional <em>massempe'</em> game 'in the perspective of education and Islamic law. Massempe 'game was originally a special game for the royal family (kings). Massempe 'was a game played by the ata (slaves) owned by the nobility in South Sulawesi. Now, <em>massempe</em>' has become a special game held for traditional ceremonies or to welcome guests of honor in South Sulawesi. Players who will compete in the arena consists of two adult men. Among those who will compete, there are two people who act as arbiters or referees called the <em>pallape</em>’. This <em>massempe</em> game is a physical sport that has core movements in the legs like kicking. This research uses a sociological and phenomenological approach. Performed in 2 different places, namely in the Village of Melle, District Dua Boccoe, and in the Village of Mattoanging, District of Tellusiattinge, Bone Regency. The data consists of primary and secondary. To collect the data, the author uses instruments in the form of observation guides, interview guidelines, and documentation tools. The results showed that this game is loaded with character values that support the application of Islamic educational values to the public such as; <em>teya lara</em>’ (never give up), <em>malempu</em> (honest / sportsmanship) and warrants (brave) even the value of unity, brotherhood also does not appear in it. Meanwhile, in the aspect of Islamic law, this game can be included in the category of violation of the law because it contains elements of violence. Still, until now, it has been preserved because it upholds the principle of benefits and customary law, namely the law "<em>mate naella tedong</em>".</p> Sarifa Suhra A. Mustika Abidin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 284 295 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.33 The Role of Islamic Boarding School Darul Mukhlisin Indonesian Muslim University in Improving Community Welfare in Padanglampe, Pangkep Regency <p>This study discusses community-based empowerment of the Darul Mukhlisin Pangkep Student Boarding School in improving the welfare of the surrounding community. The purpose of this study was to determine the efforts made by pesantren and community involvement in improving their welfare. This study uses qualitative data collection methods by earlier determining the research location, research focus, and research subjects. The data collection method starts with observation, interviews, literature, and documentation. Followed by data analysis in the hope of facilitating the research process. As for the findings in this study, Darul Mukhlisin's student boarding school has a role in improving the community's economy in the village of Padanglampe. Since the presence of pesantren, people's lives have slowly undergone changes in the economic field. This is due to the pesantren involving the community to be able to work in pesantren with various kinds of jobs available. In addition, the pesantren gives permission to the surrounding community to open their own jobs in the vicinity of the pesantren such as opening shops and stalls that provide the needs of the community and also the needs of students, so that people increasingly benefit from the existence of the Darul Mukhlisin Islamic Boarding School.</p> Andi Hasriani St Samsudduha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 3 1 296 303 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.28 Epistemology of History Learning For Teachers of Aliyah Madrasah In Makassar <p>This research-based service provides such a significant contribution to improving the quality of history learning for history teachers at Madrasah Aliyah in Makassar. Besides, it reinforces teachers as the front guard in outlining government policies to students in the classroom and developing the epistemology of historical learning as an effort to regenerate the nation's historical values. This research was conducted through the Participatory Action Research (PAR) approach. The application of the epistemology of learning history by the teachers of Madrasah Aliyah history in Makassar will refer to and follow the curriculum paradigm that is applied, namely the 2013 curriculum. Implementation of the 2013 curriculum, which has a typology of student development that is distinctive, makes history learning come alive because the knowledge that once seemed to be centered on the educator (<em>teacher-centered learning</em>) has begun to shift to <em>learner-centered education</em>. Even so, there are still Madrasah Aliyah teachers in Makassar who teach history and make students' brains viewed as<em> safe deposit boxes. L</em>earning material is transferred by teachers into the minds of students to be accommodated.</p> Abd Rahim Yunus Mardyawati Yunus Badruddin Kaddas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-29 2020-03-29 3 1 304 312 10.5281/jrm.v3i1.36