Journal of Research and Multidisciplinary <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/sampuljournalnew_copy1.jpg"></p> <p>Journal of Research and Multidisciplinary (jrm), an international journal published by&nbsp;Lembaga&nbsp;Sembilan&nbsp;Tiga&nbsp;Community, is a journal that covers the study of research results and studies from various disciplines. This journal will be a publication for scholars to enrich studies published in&nbsp;journals. Jrm&nbsp;presents quality scientific articles with attention to the format, style, and&nbsp;academic quality. Articles in this publication can be written in&nbsp;English. Journal of Research and Multidisciplinary, published twice a year in the&nbsp;online and print version. This journal&nbsp;serves as a learning medium for research development and studies from various disciplines. This media will be a means of exchanging research findings and scientific study ideas.&nbsp;Jrm his a single-blind, peer-reviewed, open access journal.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US (Badruddin Kaddas) (Abdul Nangku) Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Infectious Disease Behaviour Resulting In A Public Health Catastrophe <p>In epidemiology, the search for new behaviour of infectious agents, processes and<br> mechanisms of diffusion of infection of emerging infectious diseases caused by global warming<br> has already led to tangible results. This paper proposes a dynamic endemic model Susceptible,<br> Exposed, Precontaged, Infected, Retired, Susceptible (SEPIRS). This model is specialized in epidemics that persist for a long time and in cases where the infection spreads directly: first between<br> pre-contagious individuals (asymptomatic) and susceptible individuals, second between infectious<br> individuals (symptomatic) and susceptible individuals. This model characterises the individual recovering from an infection to develop a temporary immunity and then become susceptible again<br> after some time.</p> Solozafy Bemena Bruce Masonova Bruce, TOTOHASINA André, Rajaonasy FENO Daniel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Implementation of Siri Na Pacce Culture in Bugis-Makassar Wedding in Bissoloro Village, Bungaya District, Gowa Regency <p>Siri' Na Pacce is not something new for the Bugis-Makassar community. Even the Siri 'Na Pacce culture existed in the royal era before Islam entered Sulawesi. This paper uses a qualitative method using an anthropological, sociological, and religious approach. The Siri' Na Pacce culture from the beginning was known for the emphasis on personality in relationships with others as a good moral image. In Bugis-Makassar culture, someone who does not have Siri' Na Pacce, then his attitude and nature are the same as animals. The implementation of Siri' Na Pacce values in the marriage of the Bissoloro Village community includes high solidarity, respect for local culture, and sensitivity to others. Uang Panai is not known in Islamic teachings, there is only a dowry. In the tradition adopted by the Bugis-Makassar community, if we are based on the values of Siri' Na Pacce Uang Panai that is given by men to women is a form of appreciation and gratitude to women's parents before transferring the responsibilities of their daughters.</p> Rahmawati Harisa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Implementation Of Visual Media In Teaching English Literacy To The Deaf Students Of Tenth Grade At Smalb 1 Pangkep <p>This research is about implementing visual media in teaching English literacy to deaf students who find difficulties in English literacy namely writing skills and reading skills. The objective of this research is (1) to implement the visual aid as a teaching medium in English literacy for the deaf student (2) to describe the English literacy teaching and learning process of deaf students by using visual media (pictures and videos). English literacy in this research refers to reading comprehension and writing skills. This study applied Classroom Action Research, which was carried out in two cycles. The subjects were three deaf students in tenth grade at SMALB 1 Pangkep (Senior High School level). The researchers used worksheets, tests, and observation in collecting data. The results of the observations and the final tests found that overall, students’ answers were ‘good’ in both reading and writing. This is proved by the student's score which passes the KKM = 70 (Minimum Completion Criteria Indicator). By facilitating students with visual media (pictures and videos), they are more active and interested in learning English.</p> Jusmaniar N, Endang Ruswiyani, Zari Indriyani Muin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Implementation of Direct Learning Model With Guided Discovery Approach To Improving Learning Effectiveness Through on Circle Theory In SMP Islam Terpadu Ar-Rahmah Makassar <p><em>This type of research is classroom action research which was carried out for two cycles, which aims to improve mathematics learning outcomes through a guided discovery approach with a direct learning model. The subjects of this study were 26 students of class VIII SMP Islam Terpadu Ar-Rahmah Makassar with a composition of 21 male students and 5 female students. The results of this study indicate that: (1) the average score of students in cycle I is 61.38 from the ideal score of 100 with a standard deviation of 11.85 and is in the medium category. There are 10 students who finished studying individually. (2) The average score of students in the second cycle is 75.60 from the ideal score of 100 with a standard deviation of 15.37 and is in the high category. There are 21 students who have finished studying individually. (3) There was an increase in the activeness and attention of students in learning mathematics. From the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that applying the guided discovery approach can improve the mathematics learning outcomes of class VIII SMP Islam Terpadu Ar-Rahmah Makassar.</em></p> Rahmawati Rahmawati, Masli Nurcahya Zoraida ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Dakwah Bil Hal in Instilling Religious Awareness in Padanglampe Village Community, Ma'rang District, Pangkep Regency <p>Dakwah bil hal is one approach to delivering da'wah needed by the community. Although dakwah bil oral can be found everywhere, dakwah bil hal remains a major need. Bil Hal's da'wah is expected to instill religious awareness in the community. The activities of the dakwah bil hal method in instilling religious awareness in the community can be through material or non-material assistance such as giving direct examples to the object of da'wah through example, establishing worship facilities, religious schools, and others. This study discusses the role of dakwah bil hal in instilling diverse awareness for the community located in Padanglampe Village, Ma'rang District. The data collection method used is descriptive qualitative, namely the development of concepts based on existing data, following a flexible research design according to the context. The steps taken are to determine the research location, research subjects, and data collection methods (observations, interviews, documentation. The data analysis (data induction, data deduction, and followed by drawing conclusions. The results show Da'wah bil hal has a very broad scope, such as sharia cooperative activities, organizing public health businesses, organizing education, taklim assemblies, building Islamic schools, Koranic education parks, etc. Dakwah bil hal is a propaganda medium that is always missed by the community because it contains the actions of a preacher who can be used as a role model. People are motivated to do something that is conveyed or exemplified by the preachers. Therefore, a preacher as a power of change must maintain his words and behavior in everyday life, avoiding words and actions that are contrary to his words.</p> Andi Hasriani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Northup’s Resistance Towards Racial Discrimination in Twelve Years a Slave <p>This research is sociological literary research and focuses on Lucien Goldmann’s genetic structuralism which sees the literary work as the reflection of the sociological background and condition of the society of the author. Afterward, the researcher also sees the literary work as a social document that reflects the situation when the literary work was produced. Therefore, this research aims to find: 1. Forms of racial discrimination experienced by Solomon Northup as it is shown in Twelve Years a Slave; 2. How the phenomena of slavery in America during the Pre-Civil War Period significantly plays a prominent part as shown in Twelve Years a Slave. The researcher found the forms of racial discrimination toward Solomon Northup and other African-American slaves namely prejudice, discrimination, segregation, and violence. Furthermore, the researcher found that the phenomenon of slavery significantly plays a prominent part in the writing of Twelve Years a Slave. The characteristic of the Pre-Civil War, the economic features, the lifestyles of the north and south, and the rise of the abolitionist movement were all considered to be the aspects that link the society and the writing progress of Twelve Years a Slave.</p> Rahmat Hasan, Tahir Tahir ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000